The specific Matter Cycle of food is of uttermost importance since roughly one third of the food produced annually in the world for human consumption gets wasted, and its impact is both financial and environmental.

To reduce food transportation costs and environmental impacts, provide economic development opportunities, and reduce disparities in access to healthy food that have contributed to epidemic rates of obesity and diabetes especially among low-income populations.

The Cycle of food currently involves the extraction of material resources from nature (including food), their industrial or small-scale manipulation to transform them into products, the transportation and logistical infrastructures to reach consumers and also the management of waste materials.